Durood Sharif is an invocation we make to Allah to bestow His choicest favors and blessings on the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him).
It is a kind of prayer. The truth is that, after Allah, the greatest obligation on us is that of the sacred Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him).
He (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him), underwent tremendous hardship and endured the bitterest of persecutions in order to convey the divine guidance to us had he not borne these trials and sufferings the light of faith would never have reached us. We would be dwelling in the gloom of apostasy and making our home in hell after death.
Since faith is the greatest blessing on the earth and we have attained it solely through the merciful agency of the Prophet, our greatest benefactor, next to Allah, is Prophet Mohammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him).
There is nothing we can do to pay back the enormous debt of gratitude we owe him. We can only pray for him to Allah as a token of our loyalty and gratefulness.
But what prayer can we make that may be worthy of the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him)?
Naturally, none besides that Allah may magnify him and bless him with His choicest favors. This is just what Durood is.
The Quran clearly enjoins on us to offer the Durood, and in what a wonderful manner does it do so:
Allah and His Angels
send blessings on the Prophet:
O ye that believe!
Send you blessings on him
and salute him with all respect.
In this verse we are first told that Allah Himself honors the Prophet and holds him in strongest affection and that His Angels also do the same-they pay reverence to him and beseech Allah to bless him with His most marvelous favors.
The verse then goes on to command us also, i.e., the believers to send blessings on him and salute him with all respect.
Thus, before the command is given care is taken to explain to us that the thing we are being required to do is something which is particularly pleasing to Allah and which the angels also fondly do.
After knowing it, what Muslim is there worth his name that will not make it a religious duty to offer the Durood?
Below we give a few Traditions of the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) extolling the virtue and merit of Durood Sharif.
The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) is reported to have said:
“He who will send blessings on me once Allah will confer ten favors on him.” (In another Tradition it has also been said that, “Allah will forgive his ten sins and raise him higher in rank by ten degrees)”.
“There are many angels of Allah whose special duty is that they keep on moving in the world and whichever follower of mine sends blessings on me they carry it to me at-once.”
Gracious is the Lord! Our Durood is communicated to the Prophet by the angels and through it we get a chance of being mentioned in his presence. What greater honor could there by for us, really.
The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) says:
“Closest to me on the Day of Requital will be he who sends blessings on me oftener.”
“That man is a big miser in whose presence my name is taken and he does not offer the Durood.”
“May he be disgraced in whose presence my name is taken and he fails to offer the Durood.”
In sum, to send blessings on the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) is a foremost duty we owe to him a source of stupendous virtue and blessedness and the fountainhead of prodigious blessings in this world and the next.
Allahumma salli ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala ‘aali Muhammadin, kama salaiyta ‘ala Ibrahima wa ‘ala ‘aali Ibrahima innaka Hamidun Majeed.
Allahumma barik ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala ali Muhammadin, kama baarakta ‘ala Ibrahima wa ‘ala ali Ibrahima, innaka Hamidun Majeed.
O Allah! Let Your Blessings come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You Blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Verily You are the Praiseworthy Glorious.
O Allah! Confer Your Blessings on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as You conferred blessings on Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Verily You are the Praiseworthy, Glorious